The Tennessee Branch of the International Dyslexia Association (TN IDA) was formed to increase awareness about Dyslexia in the state of Tennessee. TN IDA supports efforts to provide information regarding appropriate language arts instruction to those involved with language-based learning differences and to encourage the identity of these individuals at-risk for such disorders as soon as possible. IDA and the TN IDA believe that a researched, multisensory, sequential, and systematic language program highlighting direct and explicit delivery is the criteria by which the best approaches currently available are defined; however, the Association does not endorse specific programs, speakers or instructional materials.
- Recommending a model for dyslexia intervention, emphasizing structured multisensory literacy instruction in combination with accommodations including assistive technology.
- Providing professional development and training opportunities for teachers
- Assisting families in their search for service providers
- Actively working with policy makers to improve state and local education and services for teachers and individuals with dyslexia and related disorders
- Disseminating information to and increasing the awareness of the families and professionals that are touched by language-based learning difficulties.
Definition of Dyslexia
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and / or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
Adopted by the IDA Board of Directors, Nov. 12, 2002. This Definition is also used by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).
Common Signs of Dyslexia
The common signs of dyslexia are categorized into different age groups. Note that the characteristics are often associated with dyslexia if they are unexpected for the individual’s age, educational level, or cognitive abilities. However, a qualified diagnostician should test the individual to determine if he or she is truly dyslexic.
The common signs of dyslexia are categorized into five different age groups:
- Pre-School Children
- K – 4th Grade Students
- 5th – 8th Grade Students
- High School and College Students
Note that the characteristics are often associated with dyslexia if they are unexpected for the individual’s age, educational level, or cognitive abilities. However, a qualified diagnostician should test the individual to determine if he or she is truly dyslexic.
International Dyslexia Association
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